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Other Titles: Case Studies and Discussion with a Sharper Focus on Pakistan
Authors: Qazi, Beenish Sultan
Keywords: National Security
Military Policy
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Higher Education Commission – Pakistan
Abstract: The idea of viewing national security from the prism of international law is quite underrated. Traditional approaches are sought in order to deal with evolving challenges and deviation is considered aberrant. However, today, the changed nature of threat perceptions and subsequent imperatives of security brings forth newer avenues of impact and discourse of international law. This indeed provides an index of the newer compulsions in the external and internal dimensions of national security and role of international law as a tool to address or highlight them. Where the UN Charter provides a ‘collective security system’ and raises the specter of the Security Council as a protector of international peace and security, bifurcating myths from realities is the need of the hour. This publication proposes to investigate the national security imperatives of States, particularly in terms of conflict and cooperation, through the operative and normative prism of international law. The study of both the areas are subject to complexity and have narrow yet significant overlapping themes. It is hence imperative for the purpose of such a publication to reflect the understanding of international law as a facilitator of state interaction and not as a body of negative restrain. It is indeed imperative at this point of history, when the World Order is subject to change with the rise of new stakeholders, non-state actors etc. and the diminishing idea of State being the primary subject of international law. Furthermore, for the notion of promoting the tools and operations of international law as ‘law-fare’, this publication highlights the challenges posed to ancient concepts like Sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence of a State after the boom of Globalization. The idea is to view international law as a liberator of these concepts if appropriate tools are investigated and later materialized by States in their interaction. Consequently, the world which is weary of Wars since time immemorial, had the tool of treaties, customs and common consent or general practices to manage conflict and promote cooperation as salient features of national security. Within this purview, inquiry of Pakistan’s evolving national security imperatives through the prism of international law is indeed an interesting case study. Its early choices to remain connected to the ‘sole super power’- the US, has brought more challenges than opportunities to the country. Thus, evolving its national security imperatives from external to regional and now to internal. Today, the country is posed with serious threats from within, starting from terrorism, severe energy crisis and sectarian based violence to name a few, while the external threats remain overwhelmed by a dominant India and turbulent Western border with Afghanistan. All combined, stresses on the importance of developing strong narratives both in the political and legal domain. Needless to say that, international law has the potential to act as a key tool of mitigating evolving imperatives of national security of Pakistan.
ISBN: 978-969-417-198-2
Appears in Collections:Textbooks.

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