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Title: Signal Processing Design and Performance Enhancement Techniques for Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access (NOMA)
Authors: Akhtar, Muhammad Waseem
Keywords: Engineering & Technology
Electronic Engineering
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: National University of Science & Technology, Islamabad.
Abstract: With the tremendous increase in the number of mobile devices and a plethora of multimedia services, there is a demand for the development of a new access scheme that can have properties of high capacity and spectral efficiency, low latency, and capabilities to accommodate a massive number of devices. Non-orthogonal multi ple access (NOMA) is proposed as a promising access technology for beyond fifth generation (B5G) and sixth generation (6G) communication systems having all the desired properties. Unlike orthogonal multiple access (OMA), the same physical resource (e.g., frequency and time) but with different power is allocated to multi ple users in NOMA, which greatly increases spectral efficiency. The combination of non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) and cooperative communications can be a suitable solution for the fifth-generation (5G) and beyond 5G (B5G) wire less systems with massive connectivity, because it can improve fairness compared to the non-cooperative NOMA. This thesis offers a comprehensive approach to this recently emerging technology, from the fundamental concepts of NOMA to its combination with space-time block codes (STBC) to cooperate with users with weak channel conditions, as well as analysis of the effect of practical impairments such as timing offsets, imperfect successive interference cancellation (SIC) and im perfect channel state information (CSI). We derive closed-form expressions of the received signals in the presence of such realistic impairments and then use them to evaluate outage probability. Further, we provide intuitive insights into the im pact of each impairment on the outage performance through asymptotic analysis xxvi at a high transmit signal-to-noise ratio (SINR). We also compare the complexity of STBC-CNOMA with existing cooperative NOMA protocols for a given number of users. Also, to meet the highly diverse quality-of-service (QoS) requirements of Internet of-Things ( IoT) devices, we propose a novel Q-learning-based self-organizing and self-optimizing multiple access technique for radio resource allocation in NOMA systems. We optimize the sum-rate and spectral efficiency (SE) of the overall net work by using a Q-learning algorithm that assigns optimal bandwidth and power to the users with the same range of data rate requirements. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm can significantly enhance the overall system throughput and SE while satisfying heterogeneous QoS requirements.
Gov't Doc #: 23241
Appears in Collections:PhD Thesis of All Public / Private Sector Universities / DAIs.

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