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Title: An Algorithm for the Solution of Trajectory Planning for Non- Non - Holonomic Mobile Robot in Presence of Obstacles
Authors: Arshad, Muhammad
Keywords: Applied Sciences
Engineering & allied operations
Other branches of engineering
Electrical engineering
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: University of Engineering & Technology Taxila, Taxila , Pakistan
Abstract: Path planning and trajectory generation for nonholonomic mobile robot in dynamic environment is a difficult problem. It has to consider the nonholonomic constraints of robot as well as the detection and avoidance of the possible collision with dynamic obstacles. In this research an adaptive path planning technique has been proposed for mobile robot motion in an environment with dynamic obstacles. A trajectory is formulated between the starting and target positions for the three wheeled mobile robot. For this purpose kinematics and dynamic models of the mobile robot have been used. Inverse kinematics model has been developed by the wheel space technique for calculating the required wheels displacements to reach the target location. A collision-free motion of robot between its starting and goal positions is required to be executed therefore, a safe global path which is a sequence of control points is planned, incorporating the prior knowledge of environment. Artificial potential function has been implemented for calculating intermediate target positions between the initial and final position of mobile robot, to avoid obstacles in its path. A feasible global path is calculated for vthe known environment and a time based trajectory is generated. This global path is set as a reference path for the wheeled mobile robot. When dynamic obstacles moving with certain velocity come in the path of mobile robot, it has to modify the path to avoid possible collision. An algorithm is proposed in this dissertation which efficiently detects and avoids the possible collision with dynamic obstacles. This novel algorithm detects possible collision with dynamic obstacle even if its velocity is not uniform. Expected collision of obstacle coming in the path of mobile robot is detected by measuring the relative velocity of obstacle and mobile robot at each time step. The reactive scheme of algorithm is activated for changing the velocity of mobile robot to avoid the expected possible collision and the local path planner plans a modified path to be executed by the mobile robot.
Appears in Collections:PhD Thesis of All Public / Private Sector Universities / DAIs.

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