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Title: Moral Development Strategies for University Students in the Light of Islamic Philosophy of Moral Development in the Quran and Sunnah
Authors: Rafiq, Muhammad
Keywords: Social Sciences
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: International Islamic University, Islamabad.
Abstract: This research project was designed to explore the existing level of morality of university students, identify the causes of the existing morality of the university students, rank the causes of existing moral disposition of the university students, identify the moral values for youth as mentioned in Islamic Philosophy of moral development revealed by Quran and Sunnah, find out the principles to develop strategies for moral development of university students using Islamic Philosophy of moral development revealed by Quran and Sunnah. The design of the study was sequential transformative mixed. In this design second, quantitative phase is based on the findings of first qualitative phase. The instruments of the study were interviews, focus groups discussion and questionnaires. The population of the study was composed of teachers and students of the universities. The sample included 15 teachers and 22 students selected by snowball theoretical technique for qualitative phase and 100 randomly selected teachers and 400 students for Quantitative phase. The results of the study obtained by content analysis of qualitative data and subsequently applying frequency distribution and Chi square test to quantitative data. The result showed explorations about the existing nature of morality of the students. The major finding about explorations were the morality of the students was based on materialism, there was lack of nationalism, the was aimlessness in students, irresponsible behavior and sources of moral orientation were found to be other than that of Islamic. The findings about the causes of moral decline in the students were ineffective role model of teachers, the curriculum, value free education, privatization and entrepreneurship of education, religious and political leaders and policies of the government. The findings about the principles were moral development means spiritual development, the elimination of disparity between thoughts and actions, inculcation of patience as a basic Islamic moral value, and orientation of morality according to the faith in Allah and His Prophet (PBUH). In search of shared values to be fostered it was found a set of 25 values such as Trustworthiness, care, responsibility, respect, justice, fairness and citizenship. The findings about the strategy were the development an explicit strategy with revision curriculum, monitoring policies and reform of evaluation systems. It was concluded that there is a decline of morality and the education system of the universities is the major contributor of this decline. So, a comprehensive reform of education system is the need of the time. The study recommends conduction of research work to explore the effects of privatization of education, secularism, and pragmatism on the moral reasoning of the students. It is also recommended to find role of media in moral decline. It was recommended the development of a national Academy for teacher training where trainee teachers must be equipped to act as the agent for moral orientation of students in the light of Quran and Sunnah. It was recommended to develop and implement an explicit strategy, eliminate effects of wrong philosophies of life, stop entrepreneurship of education, realization role of teachers, inculcate shared moral values and do reforms in the curriculum, in evaluation system, in Medium of instruction, in teacher training and induction processes, in coeducation set ups, and in development of positive environment for learning. It was recommended to replicate this study to establish the fact evident from this research study.
Gov't Doc #: 21078
Appears in Collections:PhD Thesis of All Public / Private Sector Universities / DAIs.

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