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Title: A Study of Relationship Between Reading Interests and Academic Achievement of Students at Secondary School Level
Authors: Anjum, Shahla
Keywords: Arts & Humanities
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Islamia University, Bahawalpur.
Abstract: This study explored the relationship between reading interests and academic achievement of students at secondary school level. This study was descriptive in nature. The objectives of the study were: (a) to examine the demographical factors of reading interests of secondary school students; (b) to find out the preferred reading interests of students of public sector secondary schools; (c) to identify the academic achievements of secondary school students in Southern Punjab, Pakistan; (d) to find out relationship of reading interests and academic achievements of students at secondary level; and (e) To recommend measures to improve the reading interests of students at secondary level. The population of the study comprised on secondary school students in six districts of Southern Punjab namely District Rahimyar Khan, District Bahawalpur, District Bahawalnagar, District Layyah, District Dera Ghazi Khan and District Muzaffargarh. The study was delimited to public sector secondary schools in southern Punjab. A sample of 3840 secondary level students from six districts (640 students from each of the sampled districts) out of an approximately total 110006 population was randomly selected. Multi stage sampling was used for choosing the sample. At first stage, six districts were randomly selected through purposive sampling technique; at second stage four schools (two from rural and two from urban area) from every selected district were selected through stratified random sampling. Survey method was used for data collection. Three research instruments: i) reading interest inventory; ii) questionnaire and iii) academic achievement sheet were developed. Research instruments were validated through pilot study conducted on 200 secondary school students. Collected data was tabulated by using SPSS (statistical package for social sciences) frequency, percentage and Spearman’s rho correlation. The results of the study demonstrated considerable differences between the reading interest and preferences of both of the genders with respect to their location, class level and age. The results also showed that most of the schools have library but they had no library hours for students; some books of interest were available to girls but male students had no sufficient books of their interest in the school library and the condition of the girl school library was found satisfactory while boy’s school library was poor. Reading environment and reading attitude of students is not supportive for reading interest. Secondary school students were also found having different level reading interests and academic achievements with respect to their locality. It was found that mostly the ninth class girl students from rural and urban strata preferred reading magazines as their reading choice. Similarly, tenth class students of 13-15 year preferred reading magazines than ninth class students. Boy students from both rural and urban strata preferred reading fiction as their reading choice. Tenth class students of 13-15 year age male students choose fiction as their top pick reading preference than ninth class. Mostly 13-15 age girl students from tenth class did choose teenage fiction as their top picks fiction type reading from rural strata and mostly 13-15 year boys of tenth class preferred adventure as their top picks fiction type reading. Mostly ninth class girls of 13-15 year age selected folktales, fairytales, myths and legends from both rural and urban strata as nonfiction type. Similarly mostly boys of 13-15 year age selected sports and sport people from both rural and urban strata as nonfiction type reading. Girls and boys at secondary school level in southern Punjab, Pakistan had different level of academic achievements in rural and urban schools. The study found that students reading interests and academic achievement had a significant relationship. This study suggested that parents and teachers should focus more on students’ interest in reading. Students should be motivated in enhancing reading interest by providing quality reading materials and reading facilities for better academic achievement as study found a positive relationship between reading interests and academic achievement.
Gov't Doc #: 20779
Appears in Collections:PhD Thesis of All Public / Private Sector Universities / DAIs.

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