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Title: Development and Validation of Training Program to Counter the Effects of Terrorism on Emotional Stability of University Teachers and Students in Punjab
Authors: Ashraf, Muhammad Naeem
Keywords: Social Sciences
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Government College University, Faisalabad
Abstract: From earlier history of man several incidents of terrorism have been carried out for human beings in various parts of world for different purposes. Nature of terrorism changed with the passage of time but its impact on human emotions remained same in every age. Current scenario of terrorism in Pakistan made people insecure, scared depressed and aggressive .The study pointed out the greater linkage between terrorism and emotional feelings of university teachers and students. In the light of the present study the training programs were developed to reduce the effects of terrorism on emotional stability of university teachers and students. The teachers and students of Government College University, Faisalabad were the population of the study. Multistage sampling technique was adopted to select the respondents of the study for quantitative data. The sample consisted of 74 university teachers and 240 students. The existing level of emotional stability of university teachers and students were assessed for the need of training programs. The mixed method research design was used to complete the study. Focused group discussions with university teachers and students were organized to identify the factors affecting emotional stability of university teachers and students in cultural context of Government College University Faisalabad. Moreover, to know the various aspects of emotional instability, the perception of chairpersons was recorded through semi structured interviews. Dean of social sciences, life sciences and sciences along with fourteen head of departments from Government College University, Faisalabad were taken as sample to collect qualitative data from respondents. After the identification of related factors and with the help of related literature, self-developed questionnaires were designed for teachers and students to examine the existing level of emotional stability through survey. Descriptive and inferential Statistical tests were applied to draw the results. The findings from need assessment showed that terrorism had affected the emotional stability of university teachers and students whereas the magnitude of effects was greater on students as compare to teachers. Moreover, female students and teachers were more scared as compared to their male counterparts. On the basis of need assessment comprehensive training programs were designed with necessary material and resources for students and teachers. Emotionally instable students and teachers were identified through statistical analysis regarding need assessment. The most affected xxi respondents were approached and invited for training sessions. Twenty seven students out of thirty two and nineteen teachers out of twenty one showed their willingness to attend the training sessions whereas twenty four students and sixteen teachers completed their trainings. The effectiveness of the training programs were determined and validated through experts’ opinion and pilot testing. The post intervention tests of students and teachers showed highly significant results regarding the effectiveness of training programs. The study recommended that training sessions should be conducted to counter effects of terrorism on emotional health of teachers and students. It was entirely needed to modify their thoughts and behaviors.
Gov't Doc #: 20313
Appears in Collections:PhD Thesis of All Public / Private Sector Universities / DAIs.

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