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Title: The Impact of Social and Political Pressure on the Performance of Female District Officer of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Authors: Anjum, Naheed
Keywords: Social Sciences
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: University of Peshawar, Peshawar.
Abstract: In the education system of any country, child is the center of all activities. The prime responsibility of a District Officer (Education) is to facilitate all the students in order to develop the personality of a child with the help of all the administrative and teaching staff. However, it is the personal experience of the researcher that due to social and political interferences, it is very difficult to use her energies to fulfill her job. The main purpose of this study is to explore the impact of social and political pressures on the performance of female District Officers (DOs) of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. This study used quantitative survey type research to identify the reality of the problems being faced by female DOs during fulfilling their jobs. Most of the existing research works are based on sampled data. However, this study is based on whole population. The main reason of considering the whole population is the demographic diversity of the province and its unique effects subject to the local social and political systems. A 5 point likert scale questionnaire was constructed and distributed among DOs of all districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The questionnaire comprised of 6 categories related to social and political pressures from MPAs/MNAs, local government, community, family and colleagues. The objective was to identify the different areas of decision making, where female DOs face political and social pressures. After collection of data, it was organized, tabulated and interpreted using percentage. The analysis of the collected data revealed that majority of the DOs are facing political and social pressures, while exercising their powers. The sociopolitical pressure usually comes from the political figures, community, colleagues and sometimes also from their own families. The analysis shows that 96% DOs faced pressure in teachers’ posting/transfer, 100% of DOs faced pressure in appointment of Class IV, 92% of DOs faced pressure in schools’ site selection and 84% of DOs faced pressure in taking disciplinary actions from the political figures. Whereas, the social pressures on DOs are harassment (76%), decision making (80%), and interference from the union representatives (92%). Due to these sociopolitical pressures, 19% of DOs left the administrative post and join the teaching cadre. Furthermore, 19% of DOs lodged FIRs against political and influential figures. The mounting political pressure also resulted in increasing the tendency of availing long leaves. It is observed that 14% of DOs availed long leaves in addition to 24% approached court to seek justice. In order to cater these issues, this research study recommends that a clear policy may be drafted for the appointments and transfer/posting. The site selection may be based of feasibility and ground reality rather than on the demands of influential political figures. Furthermore, the government may take inputs from DOs when introducing any policy in education because they have the first-hand knowledge of the effects and efficacy of the previous implementations. The research study will provide insight to policy makers about the existing situation of education at district level. Furthermore, it will facilitate the decision makers to make policies pertaining to the factors affecting the performance of policy implementers i.e. DOs. It will suggest strategies to improve the effectiveness of DOs to improve education. It will also provide a suitable guideline and base for further research.
Gov't Doc #: 20188
Appears in Collections:PhD Thesis of All Public / Private Sector Universities / DAIs.

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