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dc.contributor.authorAnjum, Munir Hussain-
dc.description.abstractThe objective of the study was to develop a task-based language learning (TBLL) model. The purpose to develop this model was two-fold: first to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed task-based language learning model with respect to effect of model on developing English speaking skills and, second, to explore the secondary school students’ attitude towards English. By status, English is official and second language of Pakistan and has a prominent place. But in Pakistan, after learning English many years in schools, students feel shy to express their views and feelings in English because they face difficulty in using English as a foreign language. The reason behind this problem is either the curriculum taught in schools or approach of teachers’ to teach English. Modern world is getting benefits from the latest teaching methodologies, but Pakistani teachers are still using the same obsolete methods i.e. Grammar Translation Method (GTM) and Lecture Method etc. The study investigated the impact of task-based teaching by employing a quasi experimental design. Two groups were taken as control and experimental group in natural setting. A TBLL Model based on three phases Pre-task, while task and post-task was developed. The model consisted of four units of the textbook of 9th class. The same units were taught to both groups for 45 days (6 weeks). Conventional method was used to teach control group, while experimental group taught through task-based teaching. The students of IX grade in public schools of Islamabad district were the population of the study. Teacher made speaking skills test and researcher made attitude/motivation test battery (AMTB) were administered to both groups as pre test and post test and two tailed ttest was applied to find out the significance of difference between the scores of both groups at 0.05 levels. The results of the study found significant differences between control and experimental group on post test with respect to students' attitude towards English and speaking skills. The difference in mean score of control group and experimental group on post test established mean figure was noticeably higher than the mean figure of the pre-test score with respect to students' attitude towards English. It provided evidence of positive change in attitude of experimental group towards English after the application of treatment. The mean score of control and experimental group on post test also provided evidence in enhancement of developing speaking skills. The results of t-test were significant that proved that TBLL significantly improved the students' speaking skill and sub skills pronunciation, vocabulary, fluency, and accuracy. The present study recommends that educators may use taskbased teaching as it enhances motivation and positively affects the students’ attitude towards English. However, there is a need of further research on the topic by controlling some other variables such as gender, level of intelligence, socio-economic status of students' parents and culture for more vigorously generalisation of the results of the study.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipHigher Education Commission Pakistanen_US
dc.publisherInternational Islamic University, Islamabad.en_US
dc.subjectSocial Sciencesen_US
dc.titleDeveloping A Task Based Language Learning (TBLL) Model of English for Secondary Level Students in Pakistanen_US
Appears in Collections:PhD Thesis of All Public / Private Sector Universities / DAIs.

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