Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://prr.hec.gov.pk/jspui/handle/123456789/9329
Title: Numerical Analysis of Flow Characteristics of Multiple Cylinders in Different Staggered Arrangements using Lattice Boltzmann Method
Authors: Nazeer, Ghazala.
Keywords: Natural Sciences
Mathematics
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: COMSATS University Islamabad-Pakistan
Abstract: Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) has become a powerful tool for solving complex fluid flow problems in the last few decades. The relation between the flow regime transformation and its corresponding hydrodynamics forces on the staggered cylinders has not been studied at low Reynolds number (Re), both experimentally and numerically. In order to do so, numerical investigations are conducted to study the unsteady flow past square cylinders arranged in staggered configurations. Six distinct staggered geometries are constructed for which simulations are carried out by using two dimensional single relaxation time lattice Boltzmann method (SRT-LBM). The combined effect of Re and separation ratio (g*) on the flow physics and hydrodynamics forces is systematically studied. For this study, physical parameters of practical importance are chosen in the range of 20 ≤ Re ≤ 160 and 0 ≤ g* ≤ 7. The SRT-LBM was validated by comparing the unsteady flow around an isolated cylinder and two cylinders with available experimental and numerical data. Results are presented in the form of instantaneous vorticity contour visualization, time-histories of drag and lift forces, power spectra of lift signals and hydrodynamic forces. For all chosen geometries critical spacing ratio and Reynolds number are identified. It is observed that with increase in spacing ratios between the cylinders the critical Reynolds number for the onset of vortex shedding phenomena also increases. Different flow regimes are observed for different staggered geometries. Chaotic flow is one of the common flow regime. The transformation of the flow occurs due to the interaction between primary and secondary frequencies; the latter frequency strongly depends on the spacing ratio between cylinders. The effect of jet flows on the wake structure mechanism (shed vortices) behind the cylinders is studied in detail. The results show that both Re and g* have a significant effect on the hydrodynamic forces. The flow regime maps for varying Re and g* are proposed for all considered problems. All these results, most of which have been obtained for the very first time, are of fundamental significance in engineering applications.
Description: Numerical Analysis of Flow Characteristics of Multiple Cylinders in Different Staggered Arrangements using Lattice Boltzmann Method
Gov't Doc #: 3477
URI: http://prr.hec.gov.pk/jspui/handle/123456789/9329
Appears in Collections:PhD Thesis of All Public / Private Sector Universities / DAIs.

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