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Title: Performance of CI Engine in Dual Fuel Mode Using Vegetable Oils
Keywords: Applied Sciences
Engineering & allied operations
Other branches of engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore-Pakistan
Abstract: The problem of unavailability of conventional fuels and pollution is becoming a serious issue day by day. Many countries have been looking for alternative energy resources to substitute petroleum. Vegetable oil can be one of the alternatives which can be used as fuel in automotive engines. Changing the chemistry of fuel by adding the vegetable oil or completely replacing the traditional fuels by the vegetable oil is being experimented. Vegetable oils such as mustered oil, sunflower oil, cotton seed oil, canola oil, peanut oil, coconut oil, and waste vegetable oil have been considered as alternative fuels for CI Engines. Kinematic viscosity, specific gravity, cetane number, and pour and cloud points of these oils are much higher than those of diesel. Therefore, such oils, in pure or blended form, cannot be used as fuel in engines for long run. In this study, oils from various feedstocks have been transesterified due to which their specific gravity and kinematic viscosity were decreased and pour and cloud points were increased. The chemical and physical properties of chemically modified oils, called biodiesel or methyl ester, were tested in accordance with ASTM D6751 and found comparable to those of diesel. The engine performance and emissions were evaluated using biodiesel in pure and blended form and it was concluded that a blend of 20% waste vegetable oil methyl ester and 80% diesel (W20) could be successfully used as an alternative fuel, in CI engine. Although higher brake specific fuel consumption of W20 was observed, yet the fuel was found to be environmental friendly. Reduced amount of THC and CO were found in the exhaust emissions of the engine. However, level of NO x was increased. To reduce NO x , certain modifications in the fuel injection system of the engine were made and results were obtained by running the engine using W20 fuel. The experimental results showed that engine performance was not much affected and engine emitted lower amount of NO x , without much affecting THC, and CO emissions.
Appears in Collections:PhD Thesis of All Public / Private Sector Universities / DAIs.

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