Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://prr.hec.gov.pk/jspui/handle/123456789/525
Title: STUDIES ON THE ECO – BIOLOGY AND MECHANICAL CONTROL OF WILD BOAR (Sus scrofa cristatus) POPULATION IN THE AREA OF ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN
Authors: ASHRAF, IRFAN
Keywords: Applied Sciences
Agriculture & related technologies
Techniques, equipment & materials
Plant injuries, diseases & pests
Garden crops(Horticulture)
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE FAISALABAD, PAKISTAN
Abstract: This project was basically run to explore the facts about exploding population of wild boar in the area of Islamabad; capital of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Due to dense human population as well as security reasons, gun shooting has been prohibited here by law. Accordingly, poison baiting may create problems for friendly wildlife species therefore non-chemical methods have been tried to control the numbers of this notorious animal in the area. In the present research, three types of the traps namely Panel Traps, Double Spike Snare Traps and Loop Traps were used at seven different study sites i.e. C.D.A-Nursery, F-9 Park, Faisal Mosque, Jasmine Garden, Near Prime Minister House, Quaid-e-Azam University and Rawal Lake to assess out wild boar capturing efficacy of each mechanical device. Research activities were started with wild boar population estimates using dog flushing and counting method at all selected study sites. Flora at each site was measured using standard methodologies and density of the animal was correlated with floral patterns found in the locality. In order to test the efficacy of above said trapping devices, fifteen sets of three traps were installed within each study sites and trapping data was collected. Different attractant materials were used to attract the target animal species toward the trapping devices considering the seasonal variation and availability of used attractant in the adjoining croplands. For example, boiled maize was not used as attractant when cultivated maize crop was available in the field. This activity was found helpful to test the usefulness of a particular attractant. Study on the biology of wild boar was another important aspect of this research. Total 529 animals captured and out of which 430 mature animals including males, females and piglets were used for autopsy. Strong positive correlated was observed between age of the female and number of piglets recovered. In the findings, older the female the greater the number of piglets and vice versa were observed. Piglet recovery ranged from 5 - 10 with the average of 7. Accordingly, data on gut content studies were completed. Stomachs of the killed animals were necropsied and analyzed up to species level with proportionate quantity of each items. Final results of this dissertation have shown that Panel Trap was the most effective device for trapping the animal using boiled maize and molasses as attractant. Further objective wise details have been given in thesis for the stakeholder to benefit the research findings.
URI:  http://prr.hec.gov.pk/jspui/handle/123456789//525
Appears in Collections:PhD Thesis of All Public / Private Sector Universities / DAIs.

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