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Authors: Ellahi Babar, Dr. Masroor
Keywords: Natural Sciences
Ecological Studies
Study of livestock
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Higher Education Commission Pakistan
Abstract: The livestock industry plays a pivotal role in the economy of Pakistan by contributing 56.3 percent of the agriculture value added and 11.8 percent to national GDP during 2014-15 (Economic survey of Pakistan, 2014-15). Currently, Pakistan has a herd size of around 76.8 million animals (41.2 million cattle, 35.6 million buffaloes) with an estimated production of around 52 billion liter of milk per annum (Economic survey of Pakistan, 2014-15). About 36 million people are involved in dairy farming, deriving more than 40% of their total income from livestock. This sector is central to the livelihood of the rural people in the country and can play an important role in poverty alleviation. It can uplift the socioeconomic condition of Pakistan’s rural masses. The major problem for small holding dairy farmers is the dreary milk productivity of Pakistani cattle and buffalos which is less than 4 liters to 5 liters per day for the whole duration of the lactation cycle of around 305 days. On average a dairy animal in Pakistan yields 6-8 times less milk than a dairy animal of the developed world; approximately 8 Pakistani milk producing animals are equal to 1 animal of the developed world. One of the reasons of this low production potential of Pakistani animals is the involvement of infectious agents including bacteria, viruses and protozoa. Genomics of livestock species had advanced significantly in recent years. The completion of whole genome sequencing projects has brought a wealth of information about the structure of animal genome. High throughput technologies made feasible by sequencing and re-sequencing of some economically significant livestock species. All biotechnological tools combine with bioinformatics tools would be of massive assist in understanding of livestock genetic architecture for efficient production through genetic analyses and Markers Assisted Selection. The applications of these technologies have their significant impact for rapid improvement of livestock production. In future, the proficient livestock production would rely on existing and promising biotechnological advances for better improvement in productivity. Here we have included the genomic work done, reported from Pakistan by different researchers as well on indigenous livestock and wild species for better understanding of readers about the current status of animal genomics in Pakistan. This monograph reflects our humble endeavor to spotlight the potential of economically valuable animal species, but at the same time reader’s suggestions, novel ideas and constructive criticism will be welcome to enhance the quality of the later version of this manuscript
Description: Monograph
ISBN: 978-969-417-188-3
Appears in Collections:Monographs.

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