Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://prr.hec.gov.pk/jspui/handle/123456789/2415
Title: CLASSROOM ENVIRONMENT LEADING TO DEMOCRACY AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AT SECONDARY LEVEL IN KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA
Authors: Irshadullah, Muhammad
Keywords: Social sciences
Social sciences
Social processes
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: NORTHERN UNIVERSITY, NOWSHERA (PAKISTAN)
Abstract: “Classroom Environment Leading to Democracy and Social Responsibility at Secondary Level in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa” was quite a new study in this region. Since, the study was descriptive, the objectives of the study were: (1) to explore the social environment of the classroom at secondary level in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa; (2) to investigate the organizational environment of the classroom at secondary level in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa; (3) to analyze classroom environment leading to democracy at secondary level in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and (4) to find out the classroom environment leading to social responsibility at secondary level in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. All 302,170 Secondary School Heads, Secondary School Teachers and Secondary School Students constituted the population for this study. A stratified sample of 1260 was selected through random sampling technique. Questionnaires were used as research instrument for the collection of data. The collected data were tabulated, analyzed and interpreted category wise by comparing responses of the three groups, Principals/Head Masters, Secondary School Teachers and Secondary School Students. To analyze the data, Chi-Square test was used as a contingency test and percentages were used. The responses were tested at significance level of 0.05. On the basis of analysis it was discovered that majority of the respondents were of the opinion that they had interaction with the teachers/students and they expressed themselves freely. The classrooms environment was co-operative and competitive. Teachers’ behavior was friendly. Teachers shared the classroom responsibility. Physical structure of class was attractive. Classes were ventilated and lighted. Schools were providing productive students. Students were the active participants of the community. Students were given opportunities to participate in the major and the minor issues of the classrooms. Classroom curriculum instilled democratic values. xviiIt was recommended that level of interaction may be increased. Teachers should be provided co-operative and competitive environment for the promotion of democracy and social responsibility. Teachers should plan properly in the classroom for promoting democracy. Teachers should be given proper training for teaching democracy. Curriculum must be shaped to inculcate democratic values in students, so that the students become the democratic agents of positive change in the society.
URI:  http://prr.hec.gov.pk/jspui/handle/123456789//2415
Appears in Collections:PhD Thesis of All Public / Private Sector Universities / DAIs.

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
2962S.pdfComplete Thesis1.35 MBAdobe PDFView/Open


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.