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Title: An Analysis of Great Powers and Small States Security Complexes in the Perspective of Pakistan-United States Relations (2005-2015)
Authors: Ahmad, Iftikhar
Keywords: Social Sciences
Political Science
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: University of Peshawar, Peshawar.
Abstract: The United States and Pakistan, a big power and a small state respectively, were allies in the War on Terror during the period 2005-2015. A study was conducted to analyze security complexes in relationship between the two countries during the said period. The study was based on secondary sources, with interviews, published and unpublished of the actors involved and experts. The data was described, analyzed and interpreted in an objective manner. The relationship between the two countries during the said period was a typical example of a relationship between a big power and a small state with divergent objectives and resultant misperceptions and trust-deficit. Pakistan was the most important ally of the United States in the War on Terror. The United States aimed to use Pakistan as a tool for eradication of the scourge of terrorism but not as a long-term strategic ally. The United States accused Pakistan of double dealing in the War on Terror; that Pakistan cooperated with the US by providing logistic support, apprehending al Qaeda members and taking action against the Pakistani Taliban but at the same time providing sanctuaries to the Haqqani Network and the Afghan Taliban on its soil and doing nothing against them. Pakistan, on its part, accused the United States of encouraging or conniving at anti-Pakistan tendencies in Afghanistan and letting India get a foot-print there to the detriment of Pakistan’s security. Both countries had also different perceptions with regard to bringing the Afghan Taliban to the negotiating table and on the post-US-withdrawal scenario in Afghanistan. The establishment of close strategic partnership between the United States and India and their collaboration in the security fields were viewed by Pakistan as a threat to its security. The United States endorsed India’s position on issues of concern for Pakistan such as Kashmir, terrorism and Indian membership as permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Pakistan’s close strategic, security and political relationship with China was a matter of concern for the United States. There were ups and downs in relationship between Pakistan and the United States. The issues of Afghan Taliban sanctuaries on the Pakistani soil, drone strikes in tribal areas of Pakistan, violations of Pakistan’s territorial sovereignty, the role and arrogant attitude of American spies and blocking of supply routes for passage of NATO’s transport were the main irritants which, on several occasions, brought relationship between the two countries at the verge of breaking point. But political and military leadership of the two countries managed keep relations on track.
Gov't Doc #: 24608
Appears in Collections:PhD Thesis of All Public / Private Sector Universities / DAIs.

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