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dc.contributor.authorHussain, Sajjad-
dc.description.abstractThe aged population across the globe is growing rapidly because of health awareness, research, and medical advancement and rising socioeconomic status of the people. Pakistan has no exception. The Model of Rowe and Kahn of Successful Ageing mostly cited in the academic literature based on three components that define successful ageing “as avoidance of disease and disability; high cognitive and physical functioning and active engagement with the life”. Thus, this model for the aged person is superficial and biological in nature by focusing primarily on health that cannot be at the high level at the age of 60 and above. The study aimed to evaluate the model in southern Punjab, critically and empirically. Therefore, the study criticized the model of Rowe and Kahn for neglecting life satisfaction. The study proposed the interrelationship among social engagement, life satisfaction, health status and successful ageing. In order to evaluate the proposed model, the study targeted retired government employees as per existing structure of pension across south Punjab region i.e. Class-IV, Clerical Cadre and Gazatted Cader. The study selected 400 retired pensioners from districts Multan, Bahawlpur, Dera Ghazi Khan, Rahim Yar Khan, Muzaffargarh and Khenewal of South Punjab, through stratified random sampling technique. The study used proportionate sampling technique in order to select true representatives of the population from each selected district. The study used Successful ageing Scale of Recker (2009), Patient Health Questionnaire Spitizer and colleagues (1999), Satisfaction with life Scale by Diener and colleagues (1985) and self constructed Social Engagement Scale for data collection through survey method and face-to face interview schedule. The log linear model showed the fit of the data (G2 =13.812, χ2 (2) = 17.297, AIC = 9.812, BIC = 1.829). The model showed that high social engagement, high life satisfaction, high health status and high successful ageing are significantly interacting with each other which affirmed proposed model of the study. The study concluded that high successful ageing is the resulting factor of high social engagement, high life satisfaction and high health status. The study further suggested that retired government employees who are x pensioners should be engaged in productive activities by considering their skills, mental and physical potential to make their ageing successful. The goal of successful ageing can only be achieved by enhancing life satisfaction in the life of the elderly person which is core element in proposed model of the study. The study further suggested that there is lack of legislation and policies to achieve the goal of successful ageing. Aged women should be included in the policies as to make their lives better, along with academically, there is need to probe the factors that have resulted comparatively high successful ageing in women than men.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipHigher Education Commission Pakistanen_US
dc.publisherInternational Islamic University, Islamabad.en_US
dc.subjectSocial Sciencesen_US
dc.titleSocial Engagement and Successful Ageing: A Study of Retired Government Employee from South Punjaben_US
Appears in Collections:PhD Thesis of All Public / Private Sector Universities / DAIs.

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