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dc.contributor.authorAhmad, Waqar-
dc.description.abstractThe present study aim was to highlighting the various factors causing the institutional intra-faith disintegration and its revival to social reintegration in district Hangu-Pakistan. The study proceeded with a sound conceptual framework comprised of independent variables i.e. “religious disparities, administrative failure, power politics, post Afghan war scenario, foreign involvement, racial differentials and economic disparity” and dependent variable i.e. “social reintegration” by passing these through a sound statistical operationalization i.e. chi square and factor analysis respectively. A sample size of 306 representing all leading categories of the study was chosen on stratified random sampling procedure to ensure the true representation of the masses living in the study area. The study disclosed that religious disparities, administrative failure, power politics, post Afghan war scenario, foreign involvement and racial differentials along with economic disparity had strong and significant relationship with disintegration as causative factors and had been identified as catalyst towards the social reintegration provided both literate and illiterate are taken into consideration for their involvement in the reintegration process while restructuring the administrative state of the area as pointed out by the literate respondents. Moreover, power politics was found to be another arena highly deteriorated in the post-Afghan war and had the potential to be brought back to reintegration, once the foreign involvement is checked and eliminated with iron hand by taking into confidence the race based affiliated people while redressing the economic disparity. Moreover, income was found yet another variable had a compounded relationship with reintegration provided religious disparities taken as constant while focusing on low, medium and high income group. Moreover, administrative failure in high and low income group could be addressed provided low and high income group focused on vibrating them towards social reintegration. Power politics was explored as another area of interest and a ray of hope to be used as catalyst in effect, while all medium groups are taken on board towards social reintegration by addressing the after effects of Afghan war scenario with special reference to low and higher income group restriction of the foreign involvement on the basis of sect regards the aforementioned categories respectively. It was further elaborated from the study findings that racial differentials and economic disparity were closely associated with social reintegration provided medium and high income group in the racial category and medium in economic disparity are taken into account. Sect yet another control variable illustrated that Shia and Sunni had a consensus towards social reintegration and termed as the religious disparity as causative factor of disintegration along with power politics, while addressing the foreign involvement and post-Afghan war scenario for Sunni group. The racial differential was captured as determining factor towards social reintegration once vii Shia sect addressed with their relative social exclusion by mainstreaming them into the economic activities of the area without any consideration on sect basis. The study further advances its findings while working out the factor analysis on both Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and came up with outcomes that exploratory conceded the outcome mentioned above while confirmatory factor analysis was avoided as the responses from both sects had a vivid disparity in their responses. The study concluded that religious disparities prevailed in the area in light of the administrative failure to curb sect based division due to the struggle for power to attain under the pathetic approach of the incumbent government as post Afghan war scenario emerged in the shape of foreign involvement by dividing the society on racial and sect based fragmentation. The study recommended that the government should take initiatives by indulging all the stakeholders for greater social inclusion in the study arena, allowing both sects for participation in the common values under the ambit of Islam. Furthermore, a comprehensive package of establishing a cottage industry with a special quota for the locals both in employment would certainly change the existing dynamics of war and terror into social reintegration, although all the sect based leaders should be taken into confidence while inculcating them the notion of generating a scenario of enlightenment and harmonious ideology. The state of Pakistan should also take-up the events of such interferences with the foreign forces on diplomatic fronts as well. A policy of non-interference by the state of Pakistan needs to be designed and communicated accordingly to all involving forces with particular reference to the neighboring states.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipHigher Education Commission Pakistanen_US
dc.publisherThe University of Agriculture, Peshawaren_US
dc.subjectSocial Sciencesen_US
dc.titleAnalysis of Institutional intra-faith Disintegration and its Revival to Social Reintegration in District Hangu Pakistanen_US
Appears in Collections:PhD Thesis of All Public / Private Sector Universities / DAIs.

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