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Title: Impact of Student's and Teacher's Motivation on Efficiency of Educational Institutions in Punjab, Pakistan
Authors: Hussain, Shahid
Keywords: Social Sciences
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Islamia University, Bahawalpur.
Abstract: Educational institute desires to achieve trade mark efficiency. Motivated staff would inspire efficiency in an institute and can lead to triumphing organizational mission so, this research was aimed to identify the impact of students’ and teachers’ motivation on school efficiency plus factors affecting students’ and teachers’ motivation, it also highlighted the parameters of efficiency and it measured the difference among male and female teachers view regarding impact of motivation on efficiency in selected public sector schools in Punjab, Pakistan. The impact of motivation and efficiency was examined through qualitative and quantitative research methods. To acquire an in-depth appreciation of motivation-efficiency in its natural real-life context researcher conducted a small structure “case study” too in four schools of Tehsil Bahawalpur City. Research Tools were administered on sample of (students & teachers=6750 & head teachers=450) which was chosen through Multistage Sampling Technique. Three tools (questionnaires, check list & interview) were used to collect data in qualitative and quantitative research whereas interview and observation was done in case study. Mainly questionnaires of 46 items at five points likert scale (agree-disagree type) with four open ended statements, same statements for students and teachers but different demographical were used in the research. The research was conducted at nine divisions of Punjab (Pakistan). Data analysis through SPSS (version-21) was done; percentages and means were calculated through descriptive statistics: t-test and regression were used to study the difference of opinions and impact of motivation on efficiency. Thematic analysis was done for qualitative analysis. The results were presented in the form of tables and description. It was noted that heavy work load, leadership style and injustice from high-up, Govt. policies, English as medium of instruction, lack of facilities, less freedom of expression, insecurity at workplace emerged as the contributing factors for affecting the motivation of the respondents. While regarding missing efficiency parameters following areas were highlighted, schools don’t have alumni, drop out of students still exist, higher degree holders such as M.Phil and PhD teachers are in less in numbers, imbalance student teacher ratio, insufficient physical resources and lack of support from local community. While the opinion of teachers (male & female) were recorded through questionnaire regarding their perspective on impact of motivation on efficiency, It was noted that students- teachers’ motivation is associated with school efficiency. xx Both students and teachers are equally responsible for making the school efficient. Among seven given factors male teachers rated appreciation/recognition at number one whereas the first preference of female gender was the arrangement of motivational talks. In the rating of both male & female students awards/rewards/appreciation came at number one in the list of motivating factors. To male teachers low budgeting is the major impediment on school efficiency whereas female teachers identified Govt. policies as the major barrier on school effectiveness. Both male & female students rated lack of motivation at number one among the list of deficiencies. However open ended statement regarding most demotivating cause for teacher they chose lack of motivation while students chose lack of recognition. This study recommended that emergency facilities provision campaign may be started immediately, govt. should review its educational and evaluation policies, students’ & teachers’ involvement in decision making may be considered, teachers’ annual increments should be performance based. Incentives, seminars, special teachers’ card, trainings may be used to enhance teachers’ motivation. Technical diplomas or coursed of one or two years may be started at school levels for students to get skilled education. It was also suggested that same study may be initiated on a new sample and in new situation.
Gov't Doc #: 22425
Appears in Collections:PhD Thesis of All Public / Private Sector Universities / DAIs.

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