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Title: Effectiveness of Active Learning Method on Students Learning in Physics at Secondary School level
Authors: Khan, Kifayat
Keywords: Social Sciences
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Hazara University, Mansehra
Abstract: This study aimed to explore the effectiveness of Active Learning Method (ALM) on students learning in Physics at secondary school level. The objectives of the study were: 1) to identify the difficult chapters/contents and difficult experiments in the Physics subject of grade 9th; 2) to investigate various factors undermining the teaching-learning process in Physics subject of grade 9th; 3) to find the effectiveness of ALM on students’ academic achievement in Physics and on students’ attitude towards Physics over the categories of male/female, and public/private. The hypotheses tested were: 1) the students and teachers face difficulties in the teaching and learning of grade 9th Physics contents and practicals; 2) there are teachers and resources related factors that undermine the teaching-learning process in grade 9th Physics; 3) ALM has no significant effects on students’ academic achievement and on students’ attitude towards Physics of grade 9th over the categories of male/female, and public/private. A multistage research design was used, consisted of a survey research design (Stage-I) and a pretest-posttest equivalent control group design (Stage-II). All the physics teachers and physics students at secondary school level of district Haripur were considered as the population of the study. Twenty (20) physics teachers of grade 9th and 400 physics students of grade 10th were randomly selected from twenty (20) secondary schools as sample of the study for stage-1. Four (4) English medium secondary schools were selected on the basis of survey research design (Stage-I). Further, Eighty (80) Physics students of grade 9th from each school were randomly selected and were equally divided into experimental and control groups such that each group consisted of 40 students. On the whole, 320 Physics students were randomly selected from four schools and were equally divided into 160 students each in the xxvi experimental and control groups. Five (5) self-constructed research instruments were utilized including: two checklists and a questionnaire for stage-I; Physics Academic Achievement Test (PAAT) and Physics Attitude Scale (PAS) having reliability coefficients 0.82 and 0.94 for stage-II. The experimental group was taught through ALM and control group through TTM for twelve (12) weeks in the year 2013-14. The collected data were analyzed through SPSS version 17. The teachers and students faced difficulties in some Physics course (contents and practicals). Besides, hurdles were recognized for the teachers in teaching grade 9th physics. The ALM was found more effective in improving students’ academic achievement and students’ attitude towards Physics than TTM; the experimental group of the public and private schools (male and female students) taught Physics through ALM were found better than those taught through TTM in academic achievement and in attitude towards Physics. The Government and NGOs can play their role to construct new classroom with sufficient furniture, independent physics lab full of apparatus and upgrade the school library with latest Physics related books to develop students’ interest in learning. Physics teachers need to apply ALM in their routine teaching to improve students’ performance.
Gov't Doc #: 24108
Appears in Collections:PhD Thesis of All Public / Private Sector Universities / DAIs.

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