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Title: Analysis of Academic Functioning of University Departments in Pakistan
Authors: Farooq, Muhammad
Keywords: Social Sciences
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: University of Sargodha, Sargodha.
Abstract: Socioeconomic status of a country rests with the quality of higher education which is provided to its youth. The core difference between economic conditions of the developing and advanced nations is mainly due to the facilities of higher education made available to their citizen. Unfortunately, academic quality of the universities directly impacts the reputation and employment of their graduates. However, this merely depends upon the strength of academic functioning and practices in vogue in the universities and their departments. Pakistan inherited very poor base in higher education. In the case of universities, this is associated with a need to maintain excellence for contesting at international level. Therefore, the present study is designed to analyse the academic functioning of the university departments in Pakistan. The academic functioning was assessed through the core functions of the departments i.e. (1) curriculum and instruction, (2) assessment and evaluation, (3) academic facilities, learning resources and physical infrastructure, (4) human resources, (5) finance and management, (6) research, and (7) community links and outreach programs. The objectives of the study were to: assess the academic functioning of university departments; analyse the factors affecting the academic functioning of the university departments; compare university wise academic performance of the departments; elicit students‟ and teachers‟ perspective of measures to improve the overall academic functioning of the university departments. The study was descriptive in nature. The convergent mixed method research design was used to accomplish the study. The population of the present study consisted of the students, teachers, heads of the teaching departments, and the officers of the Directorates of Academics and Quality Enhancement Cell of public sector universities of the Punjab. The sample of the study included 530 students (10 from each department), 159 teachers (three from each department), 53 heads of the departments (one from each department), and 24 senior officers of the directors academics, and QEC, (two from each office). The researcher used 04 instruments for data collection. Firstly, two questionnaires were used for seeking the perception of the teachers and students regarding the academic functioning of the university departments, on five point rating scale; secondly, focus group discussion guidelines were developed to record the perception of the students; and thirdly, one semi structured interview schedule, based on predefined indicators, was developed to explore the perception of the Heads of university departments, the officers of the Directorate of Academics, and QECs. The tools were discussed with the experts for their face and content validity. The questionnaire was pilot tested on an exclusive sample of 50 students and 20 teachers for internal consistency of its items. The Cronbach‟s Alpha value was found 0.91 which indicated a higher level of internal consistency of the research instrument. The Quantitative data were analysed by descriptive (percentages and mean) and inferential (one way-ANOVA and t-Test) statistics. The qualitative data were analysed by using thematic analysis technique. The analysis of data revealed that the academic functioning of the departments was at mediocre level. This was true for all seven indicators. The situation may be improved by revamping existing curriculum, providing sufficient funds, physical and human resources, and offering incentives to researchers producing impact factor research work. This would help improve overall academic functioning of the university departments from its present marginalized level to highest rank.
Gov't Doc #: 23422
Appears in Collections:PhD Thesis of All Public / Private Sector Universities / DAIs.

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