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dc.contributor.authorShah, Ijaz Hussain-
dc.description.abstractPakistan is a developing country that mainly relies on agriculture. The country's growth is directly related to this sector. This sector in Pakistan is a primary food provider and a pillar for the growth of other related sectors like textile, shows, fiber, biogas, and contraction. So, the development of this sector is most important within Pakistan for its growth. Nevertheless, unfortunately, the agricultural sector's performance in Pakistan degrades over time. Since late 1947 there has been a significant decline in the performance of this sector. The share of agriculture in GDP in Pakistan was at 60% in 1947 but only limited to 18.5% in 2018-2019. It is evidence of the low performance of this sector. The population growth challenge and, in contrast, the continued decline of the agriculture sector is a real problem right now that Pakistan is facing. If agricultural sector performance within Pakistan is not increased, it will cause an immense food crisis and negatively affect its GDP. The increase in the demand for food will ultimately increase food prices, which will cause a big circle of poverty. The performance of the agriculture sector depends upon its productivity. So, the dire need is to increase the agriculture productivity within Pakistan on the most urgent basis. Agricultural development theories have been proposed to describe the forces in society and the economy that place the agricultural sector on the road to growth and change. One of them, along with three other agricultural theories as a theoretical lens of the research, is the conservation model of farming growth applicable in this Study. The conservation model has shown success in producing crops and livestock in developing economies, such as the English Agricultural Revolution, among other agricultural growth models. This Study presents the case of Pakistan by Identifying Key Challenges to Agricultural Productivity in Pakistan. Data from 1975 to 2017 is used for the case of Pakistan. The Autoregressive Distributive Lag (ARDL) bounding technique and the Johansen co integration approaches are used to check the long-term co-integration between study variables. Similarly, the short-term and long-term dynamics of the ARDL model are studied. The findings of ARDL confirm a long-term co-integrating relationship. Besides, the Granger Causality test is used to examine causality between study variables. The findings indicate a bi-directional causality between environmental degradation-agricultural Productivity, financial development agricultural Productivity, human capital, and agricultural Productivity. Further, it assessed the vii real challenges facing crop production and created new models to resolve farmers' crop production challenges. Models may decide the relationship between infrastructure growth, environmental factors, agricultural technology, financial development, and crop production. This Study also contributed new insights into the growth of agriculture and pastoral economics. Theoretically, this research work adds value to the literature concerned by testing the effect of environmental degradation, financial growth, and human capital on agricultural Productivity: Pakistan insights. Via the conservation model of agricultural production and three other agricultural theories as to the research's theoretical lens. The troubling situation is that Pakistan's agricultural land is being decoyed and transformed into residential societies. This persistent decline in agricultural output in Pakistan does not attract the young generation to adopt this sector as a profession. Attraction can be improved in this sector if the government gives the sector due concentration. The Government of Pakistan should provide subsidies in the form of cheap loans, fertilizers, pesticides, seeds, and agricultural technology to young graduates to attract them to the agricultural sector as a profession. Finally, it may be concluded, the Government of Pakistan must devise policies to improve the financial sector and make the canal branches' best use by rising fruit plants. For that, the PEF and PEIMA models should be followed for this reason. As well, these models are operating effectively in the education sector in Pakistan. Keywords: Agricultural Productivity, Environmental Degradation, Financial Development, Human Capitalen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipHigher Education Commission Pakistanen_US
dc.publisherThe Superior College, Lahoreen_US
dc.subjectBussiness & Managementen_US
dc.titleIdentifying Key Challenges to Agricultural Productivity in Pakistanen_US
Appears in Collections:PhD Thesis of All Public / Private Sector Universities / DAIs.

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