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Title: Individuation and Mysticism: A Psychoanalytic Study of Mystical Experiences in The Forty Rules of Love, Siddhartha and Rumi's Daughter
Authors: Imran, Muhammad
Keywords: Language and Literature
English Linguistics and Literature
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad.
Abstract: Individuation and Mysticism: A Psychoanalytic Study of Mystical Experiences in The Forty Rules of Love, Siddhartha and Rumi’s Daughter The subject of the current thesis is to present a psychoanalytic study of mystical experiences with respect to the three novels: The Forty Rules of Love, Siddhartha and Rumi’s Daughter. The work is primarily focussed on confirming the psychological assertion that mystical experiences entail a process of individuation thereby making these experiences opposed to or different from the mental states of the schizophrenics. Using Carl Gustav Jung’s theory of individuation as a major theoretical framework, the study attempts to reveal the relationship of consciousness and the unconscious and to examine the process of individuation operating in the lives of the mystics. Archetypal criticism method is used to investigate the archetypes of individuation – the persona, the shadow, the anima/animus, the wise old man and the Self. This method deals with the archetypes that spring from the collective unconscious and are the legacy of humanity in general irrespective of time, place, culture and region. Through this method, chief characteristics of the archetypes are studied as reflected through various elements in the novels, notably the dialogues, philosophical world views and actions of the mystics. The study also draws heavily on a Polish clinical psychiatrist Kazimierz Dabrowski, whose theory of positive disintegration provides an ancillary theoretical lens to study mystical experiences in the perspectives of personality development. It is employed in order to supplement the descriptions and explanations pertaining to the process of individuation. Application of both the theories reveals the affinities found in the experiences of the mystics with two different background and mystical traditions. The study shows that there has been a great agreement between Sufism and Buddhism, and that at the level of the spiritual/mystical union, the dogmatic differences become least important. The juxtaposition of mystical states and those present in schizophrenics also reveals that mystics are not to be confused with the psychologically diseased individuals. Mystics possess a highly developed personality and they often inspire thought-provoking worldviews whose application may lead to the wellbeing of both individual as well as the society. In this way, the validity of the assertion is confirmed through this study.
Gov't Doc #: 21437
Appears in Collections:PhD Thesis of All Public / Private Sector Universities / DAIs.

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