Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://prr.hec.gov.pk/jspui/handle/123456789/16451
Title: An Analysis of Effectiveness of Rights Based Approach in Social Inclusion of Person with Disabilities in Rural Areas of Malakand Pakistan
Authors: Ahmad, Shakeel
Keywords: Social Sciences
Sociology
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: The University of Agriculture, Peshawar
Abstract: The current study aimed at analyzing social inclusion of Person with Disabilities (PWDs) in context of human rights based approach. The main objective of the research was to determine how acces to legal and institutional rights and participation in cultural activities influence social inclusion of PWDs. To obtain the study objectives data was collected from a sample of 488 PWDs (284 male and 204 female) in the selected 06 Union Councils of District Malakand, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa. The respondents were selected through multistage stratified random sampling. At bi and multivariate level analyses, chi square test and Kendall’s Tb test statistics were used to test the relationship between group variables (ignorance to law, denial of basic human rights, self-determination, access to adequate health service, access to education, access to employment opportunities, participation in decision making, participation in cultural life and accessibility to mobility and transport services) and social inclusion of PWDs. Gender, family type, family monthly income, literacy status and level of disability were used as control variables at multivariate level. Ignorance to law and denial of basic human rights reduced social inclusion in male to a higher extent than female. Moreover, self-determination, access to adequate health services, access to education, access to employment opportunities and participation in decision making enhanced social inclusion in male than female. In addition, participation in cultural life improved social inclusion to a great extent in female PWDs than male. However, inclusionary effects of access to mobility and transport services were of universal occurrence irrespective of gender of PWDs. Ignorance to law reduced likelihood of social inclusion of PWDs to a great extent in PWDs from nuclear family than joint family. Moreover, self-determination, access to education, participation in decision making and participation in cultural life improved social inclusion of PWDs, especially those who belong to joint family as compared to nuclear family. In addition, access to adequate health viii services and access to employment opportunities enhanced the social inclusion of PWDs from nuclear family than those from joint family. However, denial of basic human rights and access to mobility and transport services was a universal significant in influencing social inclusion of PWDs irrespective of their family type.Ignorance to law reduced social inclusion of illiterate PWDs to a great extent than literate. Moreover, self-determination, access to adequate health services, access to employment opportunities and participation in decision making enhanced social inclusion of literate PWDs at a higher rate than illiterate. However, literacy status did not explain social inclusion of PWDs due to access to education, participation in cultural life and access to mobility and transport services.Denial of basic human rights reduced social inclusion of PWDs from low monthly family income group (below PRs 16,500) than high monthly family income group (PRs 16,500 and above). Furthermore, access to adequate health services more positively influenced social inclusion of PWDs from family income group (below PRs 16,500) as compared to high income groups (PRs 16,500 and above). In addition, self-determination and access to education improved the social inclusion of PWDs from high family monthly income (PRs 16,500 and above) to a greater extent than those from low family income group (below PRs 16,500). However, ignorance to law, access to employment opportunities, participation in decision making, participation in cultural life and access to mobility and transport services was universal feature to explain social inclusion of PWDs irrespective of their monthly family income. Ignorance to law reduced social inclusion of PWDs having moderate disability at a higher rate than those with severe disability. Moreover, self determination and participation in decision making improved social inclusion of PWDs with moderate disability to a greater extent than those with severe disability. Furthermore, access to adequate health services, access to education, access to employment opportunities, participation in cultural life and access to mobility and transport services enhanced social inclusion of PWDs with severe disability at a higher rate than those with moderate disability. However, level of disability did not explain social inclusion of PWDs due to denial of basic human rights. The logistic regression model based on its calculated coefficients explained that; social inclusion of PWDs is more likely to occur when PWDs are married (EXP B = 1.658), have high family monthly income (EXP B = 2.907), self determined (EXP B = 1.457), have better access to employment opportunities (EXP B = 3.738) and participate in cultural life (EXP B = 2.175). In contrary, ignorance to law and change in family from joint to nuclear family reduced the likelihood of social inclusion of PWDs (EXP B = -3.022) and (EXP B = -0.995) respectively.ix The study suggests policy interventions to protect basic human rights of PWDs through creating awareness with respect to legal rights of PWDs at all levels, grooming their power of self-determination and decision making at family and institutional levels, mobilizing government and private resources to provide PWDs with better educational, health and transport facilities, assuring minimum household income through skill enhancement and employment opportunities for PWDs, taking care of physical, psychological, social and recreational needs of PWDs at household, community and institutional levels. These policy interventions will have an overall effect on better social inclusion of PWDs.
Gov't Doc #: 21325
URI: http://prr.hec.gov.pk/jspui/handle/123456789/16451
Appears in Collections:PhD Thesis of All Public / Private Sector Universities / DAIs.

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Shakeel ahmad (Rural Sociology) 2020 uni of agri peshwar.pdfphd.Thesis2.23 MBAdobe PDFView/Open


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.