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Title: Regional Dynamics and Strategic Concerns in South Asia: A Case Study of Pakistan
Authors: Imran, Muhammad
Keywords: Social Sciences
Political Science
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Government College University, Faisalabad
Abstract: Regional dynamics and strategic concerns of South Asia can be understood in the light of different perspective like geo-strategic, geo-economic perspective on the one hand and the concerns as well as policies of the external powers towards South Asia on the other hand. So far as the geo-strategic prospective of the South Asian region is concerned, it retains strategic location, natural resources, Indian Ocean, skilled manpower, economic opportunity and centuries old cultural strength. The external powers want to engage themselves in the South Asian issues ranging from geo-political, geo-strategic and geo-economic in the pursuance of their grand vested strategic interests. Parallel to it, the concerns of Pakistan towards these strategic issues on one side and its bilateral conflicts with India assume a great significance in the South Asian politics discuss in this thesis on the other side. South Asia has assumed strategically significant position in the Indian Ocean. A major conflicting situation lying in the region is the existence of mistrust between the militarily powerful states of the region namely India and Pakistan. The rise of China has brought a shift in the power equation and security situation of the region. The rising military and economic power of China has created a strategic convergence among India and United States. The competition for gaining influence in South Asia by the major powers of the world have put the small states of South Asia under a strategic dilemma. This situation is hindering their political, economic, social development and it is also exacerbating the traditional and non-traditional strategic concerns of South Asia. Keeping in view this description of South Asia, this thesis validates the hypothesis that changing global power structure causes a shift in the contemporary power equation of the South Asia. Pakistan and India remained hostile to each other due to their geographical contiguity. It is further believed that South Asia will continue to remain flashpoint of conflict on the globe. The economic interaction and interdependence remained quite slow in this region because of inherited conflicts and polarization among the regional states of South Asia. Pakistan has its concerns in the region and from its perspective, the rise of Russia and Chines involvement in the South Asian affairs appears to be more pragmatic. So, this thesis also evaluates another xviii hypothesis that geo-political potential of Pakistan plays a key role in the changing pattern of alliances in the region. In the light of above-mentioned hypothesis, a major research question: how the contemporary regional formation of alliances is impacting power balances in South Asia has been addressed. It asserts that the United States and China are playing vital role in the stability or instability of South Asia. Involvement of external actors and their strategic interest, regional hegemonic outlook of India, bilateral disputes of India within the region and especially with Pakistan, the emergence of non-traditional security threats particularly their thrust after the 9/11 and instability of Afghanistan are some of the key aspects which have unprecedented strategic and operational space in both regional and global politics. It has been ascertained from the theoretical framework that both security and non security issues have significant relevance in the context of South Asian politics vis-à-vis strategic concerns of South Asia. The regional security complex theory framework also highlights some of the security issues originating at domestic level, state level, regional level and global level. This theory, in the context of strategic concerns of South Asia, has determined that most of the security issues of the South Asia are Indo-centric while Pakistan is the only state who retaliates Indian hegemonic attitude with powerful measures. Thus, the pattern of searching alliances to counterweight Indian hegemony has been formed by Pakistan. Similarly, the framework of complex interdependence is quite applicable in the form of regional framework vis-à-vis SAARC where non-traditional security issues like global warming, food security, terrorism and drug trafficking etc are being discussed by the members of the South Asian region. The formal ties in the form of cultural diplomacy and CBMs (Confidence building measures) are working in the bilateral relation of India and Pakistan. This research finds out that Indo-centric policies are the core responsible factor behind all the strategic concerns of South Asia. Indian policies and approaches provide a way to foreign actors to intervene in the domestic issues of the South Asian states. Resultantly, Pakistan also searches new friends to balance Indian hegemonic policies. Thus, the strategic concerns of South Asia present a complex picture which include apparently unresolvable strategic issues.
Gov't Doc #: 21189
Appears in Collections:PhD Thesis of All Public / Private Sector Universities / DAIs.

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