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Title: Critical Evaluation of Anti-Human Trafficking Legal Regime in Pakistan.
Authors: Sohail, Muhammad
Keywords: Law and Legislature
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: International Islamic University, Islamabad.
Abstract: The legal fight to abolish human trafficking started more than two centuries back when the slave trades were considered as legalized professions, but thereafter got rid of by the states through various enactments. However, it is misconception that slave trades have been outlawed; rather it will be germane to hold that such trades have emerged in the contemporary period with a new face and name as human trafficking, exploiting the human beings in the same way as the slave trades used to exploit. International law has passed a number of treaties to combat human trafficking by providing certain standards therein for the states to comply with. Having recognized such standards, Pakistan passed its laws to abolish the human trafficking within and beyond its state borders, but even then Pakistan has failed to abolish the human trafficking significantly. Pakistan has been making efforts to combat the offence for more than 18 years, for which it has enacted two special laws in different periods of time, but both the legal regimes could not produce the desired results. The reason behind lies in the passing of insignificant legislation as the same is contradictory, overlapping and far away from international standards. Neither the offence is prevented nor the victim is protected nor is the offender prosecuted. So this thesis is an effort to look into the issue of human trafficking in Pakistan through a criminal justice perspective because special laws on the subject have been critically evaluated by comparison with other national laws as well as international standards on the subject. Critically evaluating the national legal regime on the subject from the criminal justice response is a new field of research in Pakistan; therefore, this thesis places a valuable contribution to the research paradigm on the subject. To critically evaluate the legal regime on the subject, Islamic injunctions on the prohibition of exploitative treatment have been addressed; some legal principles have been discussed; general and special laws have been compared; the provisions of special laws have been audited; and international standards on the subject have been compared with the national law. All the aims, objectives, research questions, parts and chapters of the thesis are inter-connected in such a manner that without discussing any of these, the central argument regarding the significance of national legal regime on the subject cannot be evaluated. After a thorough investigation, the main research has been answered as negative.
Gov't Doc #: 19829
Appears in Collections:PhD Thesis of All Public / Private Sector Universities / DAIs.

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