Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://prr.hec.gov.pk/jspui/handle/123456789/10282
Title: Development of English Curriculum Model at Higher Secondary Level in Pakistan
Authors: Shoukat, Bushra
Keywords: English
Languages & literature
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Islamia University, Bahawalpur
Abstract: In the present study the existing curriculum development process is explored by obtaining the opinion of English language teachers, teaching English at higher secondary level in Punjab, Pakistan, and the members of English curriculum committee at higher secondary level in Pakistan to propose a Learner-Teacher-Socio Oriented English Curriculum Development Model at Higher Secondary Level. Two questionnaires were adapted from Akhtar (2004) for the present study. One questionnaire was developed for English teachers of higher secondary government schools and colleges in the province of Punjab, Pakistan. The other questionnaire was developed for the members of the English curriculum committee. Analysis of existing English curriculum development process was done through the policy documents and questionnaires. Higher secondary government schools and colleges of each sex were selected through stratified cluster sampling, after that 1379 English teachers of higher secondary government schools and colleges were considered as sample of the study. The sample was selected from the 23 out of 36 districts of Punjab. Furthermore, Punjab was divided into three regions upper, central and southern Punjab. Frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation were calculated. t-test was applied to find out the differences of opinion on the basis of gender and residential areas. ANOVA was applied to uncover the differences of opinion among the teachers of various districts of upper, central and southern Punjab. Reliability of the questionnaire for higher secondary English teachers was 0.91. Validity of the questionnaire for higher secondary English teachers was 95%. The other questionnaire was developed for the members of national curriculum committee. Eleven members were considered as sample of the study. Frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation were calculated. Comparison between the opinion of teachers and the members of curriculum committee on the basis of responses of the same as well as contrastive questions of the questionnaires were drawn through graphical representation. Reliability of the questionnaire for higher secondary English teachers was 0.81. Validity of the questionnaire for higher secondary English teachers was 94%. On the basis of findings the proposed model Learner-Teacher-Socio Oriented English Curriculum Development Model at Higher Secondary Level was sent to experts for validation. The model was finalized after the recommendations offered by the experts.
Gov't Doc #: 14738
URI: http://prr.hec.gov.pk/jspui/handle/123456789/10282
Appears in Collections:PhD Thesis of All Public / Private Sector Universities / DAIs.

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